Please remember that past performance may not be indicative of future results. Different types of investments involve varying degrees of risk, and there can be no assurance that the future performance of any specific investment, investment strategy, or product made reference to directly or indirectly in this newsletter (article), will be profitable, equal any corresponding indicated historical performance level(s), or be suitable for your portfolio. Due to various factors, including changing market conditions, the content may no longer be reflective of current opinions or positions. Moreover, you should not assume that any discussion or information contained in this newsletter (article) serves as the receipt of, or as a substitute for, personalized investment advice from a financial advisor. To the extent that a reader has any questions regarding the applicability of any specific issue(s) discussed to his/her individual situation, he/she is encouraged to consult with the professional advisor of his/her choosing. Financial Modeling Service does not provide advisory services at this time.